Fish Symbolism & Meaning (Spirit, Totem, Power Animal)

Isn’t it intriguing, the symbolic depth that our finned friends possess? In the vast ocean of symbolism and meaning, fish have carved out quite a niche for themselves. They’ve slipped into spiritual and cultural narratives across the globe, serving as bearers of wisdom, luck, and even enlightenment. Now, doesn’t that make you curious? Just like a school – not merely a cluster of fish, but a fountain of knowledge. So, are you ready to cast your net into these profound waters of understanding? Let’s embark on this journey, shall we?

  • Fish signify diverse meanings like strength, unity, and transformation across cultures and mediums, including literature and tattoos.
  • The interpretation is subjective, influenced by personal beliefs and cultural heritage. This applies to all contexts, including dreams and cultural symbolism.
  • Fish symbolism resonates with human experiences, reflecting our ambitions, challenges, and transformations and marking our individual journeys.

What Does it Mean When You See a Fish?

When a fish appears in your life through dreams, visions, or encounters in nature, it is often seen as a sign of good luck and abundance. In many cultures, fish are also considered symbols of fertility and creativity, representing the cycle of birth and rebirth.

Furthermore, fish are often associated with water, viewed as a symbol of emotions, intuition, and the subconscious mind. Therefore, when a fish appears in your life, it may remind you to dive into your emotions and explore the depths of your inner self.

Spiritual Meanings

fish jumping out of water

Abundance and Prosperity

Fish are traditionally linked with abundance and prosperity due to their prolific nature and significance as a food resource. Their vast numbers and ceaseless activity in the waterways are powerful reminders of life’s abundant opportunities and potential for growth.

When fish swim into your spiritual vision, they bring a message of wealth, luck, and plentifulness. So, the next time you see a fish, remember it’s not just a creature of the water but a symbol encouraging you to swim towards the currents of success and prosperity.

Transformation and Rebirth

Fish are powerful symbols of transformation and rebirth. This symbolism springs from their fascinating lifecycle, where they undergo significant changes from hatching from eggs to growing into mature adults.

Their metamorphosis mirrors our own spiritual transformations, reminding us of the potential for growth and renewal within us all. This makes the appearance of a fish a potential sign of impending personal change or a call to embrace adaptability in our lives.

Spiritual Awakening

Fish swimming in water is an enduring spiritual symbol, representing personal growth and metamorphosis. As water is often seen as a metaphor for the subconscious mind, the fish’s journey through this water can be viewed as a spiritual awakening.

As the fish moves through water, navigating currents and depths, it symbolizes our own navigation through emotional realms, exploring our deepest thoughts, feelings, and intuitions. It invites us to delve into our spirituality and connect more deeply with our inner self.

Faith and Christianity

In Christianity, fish have a special significance as a symbol of faith and Jesus Christ. The Greek word for fish, “Ichthys,” was used as an acronym to represent the phrase “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior.”

Early Christian art also saw fish as symbols of abundance and miracles. Many Christians still use the fish symbol to represent their faith and display it on jewelry, clothing, and even car decals.

Fertility and Sexuality

In numerous cultures, fish carry a strong association with fertility and sexuality, largely attributed to their prolific breeding habits and the symbology of water, considered as a primal source of life.

The journey of a fish, swimming unceasingly through the vast expanses of water, mirrors the streams of life and reproduction.

It vividly represents the continuous cycle of birth, growth, reproduction, and renewal. The sight of a fish could thus be interpreted as an encouragement to embrace the natural flow of life and its endless possibilities for creation and renewal.

Balance and Harmony

Fish exhibit a remarkable ability to maintain balance and harmony in their environment. Gliding gracefully through the water, they navigate currents and obstacles with adaptability and ease, representing the need for balance in life.

This symbolic interpretation encourages us to find our own equilibrium, to align with the flow of our lives, and to maintain harmony with the world around us.

The sight of a fish could thus serve as a gentle reminder to strive for balance and peace in our personal and professional lives, urging us to synchronize with the rhythm of our existence.

Protection and Guidance

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In numerous cultures, fish are revered as protectors and guides. Symbolizing unity, they are often seen as celestial guides during tumultuous times, offering reassurance and direction.

Much like how fish trust the currents to guide them, their appearances are viewed as signs of trusting our instincts and intuition.

Their protective nature is also emphasized in various folklore and legends, where fish save heroes, guide spirits, or ward off evil. So, seeing a fish could symbolize guidance, protection, and your inner strength to traverse life’s currents.

Yin and Yang

For the Chinese, fish are deeply intertwined with the concept of yin and yang – the principle of dualism that underscores the balance and interdependence of all things in the universe.

The dance of the fish, mirroring each other’s movements in a fluid ballet, visually echoes the swirling symbol of yin and yang. This connection invites us to consider the harmony in opposites and the potential for balance in our own lives.

Just as the fish exists with its opposite in a graceful unity, so too can we find equilibrium amidst the contrasting forces within and around us.

Independence and Adaptability

Fish are renowned for their independence and adaptability, able to thrive in diverse aquatic environments.

This characteristic symbolizes resilience, flexibility, and the capacity to face life’s challenges head-on. Just as fish can adjust and adapt to the currents and tides, we too can learn to navigate our own life’s journeys with independence and adaptability.

Seeing a fish can remind us of our innate capability to overcome obstacles and adapt to new circumstances, embodying the tenet that change is the only constant in life.

Intuition and Insight

In many cultures, fish are seen as symbols of intuition and insight. Their ability to navigate vast oceans and complex water systems is a testament to their intrinsic sense of direction.

This can be interpreted as an invitation for us to trust our intuition, to listen to our inner voice, and to follow our own paths with confidence. The sight of a fish, then, is a symbol of physical direction and an affirmation of our inner wisdom and guidance.

Freedom and Liberation

In the vast and deep blue waters, fish move with an irresistible grace and independence, embodying the spirit of freedom and liberation. Their unbound movement is a testament to their liberation from terrestrial constraints, resonating with our own longing for freedom and untrammeled expression.

Observing a fish can be a profound reminder of the boundless possibilities that await us when we free ourselves from limiting beliefs and fear, inspiring us to swim against the currents of convention and discover our path.

Mysticism and Secrets

In many cultures, fish are considered the keepers of secrets and mystical knowledge. Their lives, unfolding in the enigmatic depths of the ocean, symbolize the secrets hidden beneath the surface of everyday life, waiting to be discovered.

This association with mysticism and secrets stems from the fish’s natural habitat, the vast and mysterious ocean, which has been a source of human fascination and a metaphor for the unknown since time immemorial.

When a fish comes into view, it may be a sign that it’s time to explore the unknown, to seek hidden truths, and to uncover the wisdom lurking beneath the surface of our consciousness.

Connection to Nature

Fish, deeply intertwined with water bodies, symbolize a deep connection with nature. As they glide effortlessly through water, they embody the unity and harmony of life in its natural state.

The movement and adaptation of fish to their environment serve as a vivid reminder of our own connections to the natural world and the importance of preserving and respecting it.

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This symbol can inspire us to strengthen our bond with nature, reminding us of our responsibility to protect and conserve the delicate balance of our ecosystem for future generations.

Types of Fish and Their Symbolism

koi fish jumping out of the water

Salmon Symbolism

Salmon is a popular fish in many cultures and holds significant symbolism. It is known for its ability to swim upstream against strong currents, representing determination and perseverance. In Native American culture, salmon is seen as a symbol of fertility and abundance.

Shark Symbolism

Sharks are often portrayed as fierce predators, but they also hold symbolic meaning in various cultures. In Japanese culture, the shark is a symbol of strength and courage. In Hawaiian culture, it represents protection and power.

Koi Symbolism

Koi fish are highly revered in many Asian cultures for their beauty, resilience, and longevity. In China, they represent perseverance and wealth. In Japanese culture, koi are seen as symbols of good fortune, success, and prosperity.

Goldfish Symbolism

Goldfish are another popular fish with symbolic significance. They are often associated with luck and fortune. In Feng Shui, the goldfish is believed to bring happiness and abundance into a home or business.

Catfish Symbolism

In many Native American cultures, the catfish is seen as a symbol of adaptability and flexibility. It is also associated with fertility and abundance due to its ability to reproduce quickly. In African-American folklore, the catfish represents wisdom and cunning.

Betta Fish Symbolism

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Betta fish, or Siamese fighting fish, are popular aquarium pets with rich symbolism. In Thai culture, betta fish represents bravery and strength. In Feng Shui, they are believed to bring good luck and ward off negative energy.

Jellyfish Symbolism

Jellyfish are often seen as mysterious and otherworldly creatures, and their symbolism reflects this. They represent immortality and eternal life due to their seemingly endless cycle of reincarnation. In Hawaiian mythology, jellyfish are associated with creation and transformation.

Pufferfish Symbolism

Pufferfish are known for their unique defense mechanism of inflating themselves when threatened. In Japanese culture, they represent courage and the ability to overcome challenges. They symbolize wealth and prosperity due to their round shape, resembling a gold coin.

Marlin Symbolism

Marlins are large, powerful fish often associated with strength and determination. In Hawaiian culture, they represent bravery and courage, while in Christian symbolism, they symbolize Christ’s victory over sin and death. In many cultures, marlins also symbolize abundance and good fortune.

Tuna Symbolism

Tuna is a highly valued fish in many cultures, often seen as a symbol of abundance and prosperity. In Japanese culture, it represents perseverance and strength due to its ability to swim long distances without resting. In Greek mythology, tuna was believed to be the source of immortality for the gods.

Swordfish Symbolism

Swordfish are known for their distinctive long, pointed snout resembling a sword. In many cultures, they represent strength, courage, and protection. In Hawaiian culture, the swordfish is seen as a symbol of masculinity and virility.

Carp Symbolism

Carps, particularly the common carp, symbolize transformation and growth due to their ability to adapt and thrive in various environments. They represent success and prosperity, making them a popular symbol for business owners.

Black Fish Symbolism

Black fish, such as black cod or black sea bass, hold symbolic significance in many cultures. In Native American folklore, they are associated with magic and mystery. In China, black fish represent longevity and wisdom.

White Fish Symbolism

White fish, including white bass and perch, are often seen as symbols of purity and innocence. In many cultures, they also represent peace and tranquility. In Chinese culture, the white fish symbolizes wealth and prosperity.

Orange Fish Symbolism

Orange fish, such as goldfish or koi, hold special symbolism due to the color of their scales. Orange is associated with joy, happiness, and vitality in many cultures. These fish are often seen as symbols of good luck and prosperity.

Fish Symbolism in Different Cultures

different fish species in the sea


In Japanese culture, fish are highly revered and hold significant symbolism. The koi fish is a popular symbol of strength, determination, and success. Carp flags, known as “koinobori,” are often flown during Children’s Day celebrations to represent the hope for children to grow up strong and healthy.1

Chinese Mythology

Fish are widely seen as symbols of abundance and prosperity in Chinese culture. Goldfish and koi fish, in particular, are highly valued and believed to bring good luck and fortune. In Feng Shui, goldfish are often depicted with a coin in their mouth to symbolize wealth.2


In Hawaiian culture, fish hold deep spiritual significance and can be found in many legends and myths. Sharks represent protection and power, while marlins symbolize bravery and courage. Fish, in general, are also seen as symbols of abundance and good fortune.3

Native American Symbolism

Fish symbolism is prevalent in many Native American cultures, often representing adaptability and fertility. Salmon, in particular, is highly revered for its ability to swim upstream against strong currents, symbolizing determination and perseverance.


In the Inuit culture, fish are seen as a vital source of sustenance and hold spiritual significance. The arctic char is a popular symbol in their artwork, representing perseverance and resilience in harsh environments.4

Celtic Symbolism

In Celtic Culture, fish are associated with knowledge and wisdom. The salmon is considered a sacred animal and is believed to hold the world’s wisdom. In some stories, it is said that eating the salmon can grant knowledge and understanding.

Ancient Greeks

Fish were an important symbol in Ancient Greek culture, often representing fertility and abundance. The goddess Aphrodite was often depicted with a fish, symbolizing her connection to the sea and water.

African Symbolism

In many African cultures, fish represents abundance and prosperity. In some traditions, it is believed that dreaming of catching a large fish signifies wealth and good fortune in the future.

Fish Symbolism in the Bible and Christianity

christian fish symbol

In Christian symbolism, fish have a significant role as they are seen as a representation of faith and abundance.

The Greek word for fish, “Ichthys,” is an acronym for “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior,” which led to the adoption of the fish symbol as a secret symbol used by early Christians to identify each other during persecution.

The story of Jesus feeding the multitude with five loaves of bread and two fish is one of the most well-known biblical accounts, highlighting the theme of divine provision and abundance.

Furthermore, many of Jesus’ disciples were fishermen, which underpins the metaphor of the “fishers of men,” indicating the call to spread the Christian faith.5

Fish Symbolism in Hinduism

In Hinduism, fish carry a deep symbolic meaning that ties into the fundamental teachings of the faith. Fish are regarded as the first avatar of Lord Vishnu, known as Matsya Avatar.

According to Hindu mythology, Matsya saved the world from a catastrophic flood, symbolizing the preservation and sustenance of life.

This event underlines the importance of fish in Hindu culture as symbols of protection, survival, and divine intervention. Moreover, it illustrates the cyclical nature of existence, a concept deeply embedded in Hindu philosophy.

Fish Symbolism in Buddhism

In Buddhism, fish symbols possess profound significance and are part of the Eight Auspicious Symbols, known as ‘Ashtamangala’. Within this context, fish (usually represented as a pair of golden fish), symbolize happiness, fertility, and abundance.

They are also seen as a symbol of freedom, as they swim freely without fear through water, embodying the Buddhist concept of liberation and freedom from suffering. Moreover, the two fish swimming in harmony reflect the unity and sanctity of marriage in many Buddhist cultures.

This symbolism of the fish is a testament to the rich tapestry of interpretations and meanings that various cultures attribute to this versatile aquatic creature.6

Fish Symbolism in Judaism

In Judaism, the fish symbol holds significant meaning, often associated with fertility, prosperity, and divine protection. Due to their prolific breeding habits, fish are considered a symbol of multiplication and abundance.

Furthermore, they are seen as immune to the Evil Eye, offering a layer of divine protection and evasion from harm. This belief has led to incorporating fish symbols in traditional Jewish artifacts and amulets.

The story of Jonah and the Whale in the Hebrew Bible also highlights the fish as a symbol of divine intervention and salvation.

Fish Spirit Animal

fish spirit animal

The fish, as a spirit animal, embodies unity, fertility, and transformation. Known for their ability to navigate their underwater universe seamlessly, fish symbolize the fluidity of emotions, adaptability, and finding balance in life.

They teach us to explore the depths of our subconscious, to seek wisdom and knowledge, and embrace change and growth.

As a guide, the fish spirit animal encourages us to trust the flow of life, reminding us that even in the face of obstacles, we possess the strength and determination to overcome and progress.

Fish Totem Animal

fish animal totem

As a totem animal, the fish symbolizes abundance, regeneration, and the ebb and flow of life. It is for those who feel a deep connection with the water element and who are drawn to the mysteries of the underwater world.

The fish totem serves as a reminder to trust in life’s currents and be open to new possibilities. This teaches us to remain resilient in adversity, much like the fish that swims upstream.

Those with the fish as their totem animal are known for their intuitive abilities, capacity for deep emotional understanding, and natural inclination toward spiritual exploration.

Fish Power Animal

As a power animal, the fish signifies resourcefulness, adaptability, and the ability to delve deep into emotions. It encourages individuals to remain persistent in times of adversity and to embrace change with courage.

Invoking the fish power animal can guide individuals through periods of transformation, illuminating the path to self-discovery and spiritual growth. It also nurtures the ability to connect more profoundly with the subconscious, fostering heightened intuition and emotional sensitivity.

Fish Symbolism in Literature and Art

fish tank on a book

In literature and art, fish often reflect themes of change, renewal, and the cyclic nature of life. Notably, Ernest Hemingway’s novella, “The Old Man and the Sea,” presents the marlin as a symbol of Santiago’s struggle and redemption.

The marlin’s monumental size and strength signify the magnitude of Santiago’s pursuit, while its eventual capture and loss underscore the fleeting nature of success.

The marlin’s symbolism extends beyond Santiago’s journey, embodying the relentless pursuit of goals and the profound connection between man and nature.

This instance illustrates how fish, with their rich symbolic connotations, have served as potent literary metaphors, effectively conveying complex themes and emotions.

In art, depictions of fish often represent fertility, vitality, and wealth, while also embodying themes of spirituality and transcendence in various cultures’ religious iconography.

Whether in literature or art, the symbolism of fish continues to be a powerful tool for storytelling and expression.

Lastly, the iconic white whale Moby Dick in Herman Melville’s novel of the same name is a symbolically charged character that represents the unattainable and often elusive nature of ambition and obsession.

Its role as an archetype exemplifies how fish symbolism transcends cultural boundaries and remains a compelling source of inspiration and contemplation.7

Dead Fish Symbolism

dead fish on a beach

Encountering a dead fish may carry its own unique interpretations. On one hand, a dead fish might represent missed opportunities or potential that has not been realized, suggesting a need for personal reflection and reassessment.

Conversely, in some cultures, it could denote a transformation or end of a particular phase, symbolizing a period of growth and change. It’s important to remember that such interpretations are subjective and often deeply rooted in individual beliefs, cultural heritage, and personal experiences.

Two Fish Symbolic Meaning

The symbolism of two fish often signifies unity, partnership, and balance. In many cultures, they represent duality – the harmonious interaction of opposing forces leading to a greater level of existence.

This could be visible in various aspects of life such as the balance between give and take, understanding and communication, or individuality and teamwork.

Swimming in sync, these twin fish serve as a powerful symbol, reminding us of the importance of coexistence and collaboration in fostering a harmonious life.

Fish Dream Meaning

sleeping woman dreaming of fish

Dreaming about fish carries various interpretations, largely influenced by the specifics of the dream and the individual’s personal and cultural contexts. Generally, fish in dreams are considered positive symbols, often embodying fertility, growth, and the abundance of wealth or spiritual well-being.

For instance, dreaming about a fish swimming could indicate personal transformation or emotional growth. On the other hand, catching a fish in a dream could suggest a discovery of new insights or ideas.

However, as with all dream symbols, the surrounding context is paramount in understanding the true meaning behind a fish’s appearance in a dream.

Flying Fish Symbolism

The symbolism of a flying fish is often associated with freedom, transformation, and the ability to navigate through different realms. These unique sea creatures, capable of soaring above the water’s surface, embody a sense of liberation and the power to transcend traditional boundaries.

The flying fish encourages individuals to explore beyond their comfort zones, symbolizing potential, adaptability, and the courage to embark on new paths or perspectives.

This reminds us that we can rise above challenges, navigate change, and gracefully adapt to new environments or situations.

Fish Head Symbolism

The fish head holds a significant symbolic meaning in various cultures and traditions. Often associated with leadership and forward movement, the fish head is revered as an emblem of wisdom, power, and the advancement of one’s journey.

In many Eastern cultures, serving fish with the head intact symbolizes prosperity and abundance, wishing good fortune and success. As a symbol, the fish head encourages us to lead with insight, courage, and steadfast determination toward our goals.

This can be an important reminder that leadership necessitates vision, resilience, and the ability to navigate challenges effectively.

Fish Tattoo Symbolism

fish tattoo

Inviting a fish on one’s body as a tattoo often carries deep personal and symbolic meanings. It can represent a person’s spiritual beliefs, personal growth, or a significant life journey.

For some, a fish tattoo symbolizes luck or prosperity, while for others, it may represent freedom, transformation, or resilience. The design of the fish – be it a simple silhouette, a vibrant koi, or a detailed marlin – also contributes to its symbolic significance.

It’s essential to remember that the interpretation of this symbolism is deeply personal and can vary significantly from person to person.8

Final Words

In conclusion, fish, as a significant element in animal symbolism, hold many symbolic meanings across various cultures, mediums, and individual interpretations.

Whether it’s representing strength and resilience in literature, symbolizing unity and balance in cultural motifs, or evoking personal growth and transformation in tattoos, the symbolism of fish within the broader context of animal symbolism continues to inspire and resonate.

It serves as a testament to our shared human experience, reflecting our aspirations, struggles, and transformations. As we navigate the currents of our own lives, we might find ourselves drawn to the enduring symbolism of fish, celebrating our victories, marking our progress, and reminding us of the beauty of our shared human journey.


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Christina Johnson

About the Author

My name is Christina, and I am the founder of centerspirited. Being a physiotherapist for several years I have found that many people, including myself, don’t achieve well-being only from a physical point of view. I’ve always viewed a person’s body, soul, and emotions as a whole construct of beauty. Always being a yoga enthusiast, I finally became an instructor myself. On a secret mission to capture spirituality in all of her beautiful shapes, I found myself being guided on a way through ayurvedic nutrition and lifestyle. Through this platform, I will hopefully be able to help other beautiful souls out there find their inner peace and bond with their spiritual selves.

Discover simple steps to unlock inner peace and live a life aligned with your true self.
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